Espérance Sportive de Tunis , also known as ES Tunis, Espérance ST, Espérance de Tunis or most popular name for nowadays Mkachkha , or simply EST for short, is a sports club based in Bab Souika, Tunis, Tunisia. The club was founded in 1919 and its colours are red, yellow and black.
Espérance Sportive Troyes Aube Champagne or ESTAC is a French association football club, based in Troyes, who play in Ligue 2. It was founded in 1986, as the third professional club from the city, after ASTS and TAF. They won the Intertoto Cup in 2001, beating Newcastle United on the away goals rule after the score was 4–4 on aggregate.
Esperance Sportive de Zarzis is a football club from Zarzis in Tunisia and founded in 1934 by Haj Ali Bouchhioua .
Espérance Sportive de Mostaganem , known as ES Mostaganem or simply 'ESM for short, is an Algerian football club in Mostaganem. The club was founded in 1940 and its colours are green and white.
Espérance Sportive de Guelma , known as ES Guelma or simply ESG for short, is an Algerian football club based in Guelma. The club was founded in 1924 as 'Espérance Sportive Franco Musulmane Guelmoise (ESFM Guelmoise)' and its colours are black and white.
Espérance Sportive de Tunis Handball is a Tunisian handball team based in Tunis, that plays in Tunisian Professional Handball League. The club holds 32 domestic league title, setting a world record, as well as various continental and regional titles.
The Espérance Sportive de Tunis Volleyball is one of Espérance Sportive de Tunis club's sections that represent the club in Tunisia and international volleyball competitions, the club team section based in capital Tunis since the year 1956.
Espérance de Tunis, an Tunisian professional association football club, has gained entry to Confederation of African Football competitions on several occasions. They have represented Tunisia in the Champions League on twenty four occasions, the Confederation Cup on one occasion, the now-defunct Cup Winners' Cup four separate occasions, and the now-defunct CAF Cup one occasion.
A gendarmerie or gendarmery () is a military force with law enforcement duties among the civilian population. The term gendarme is derived from the medieval French expression gens d'armes, which translates to "armed people".
The Gendarmerie General Command is a service branch of the Turkish Ministry of Interior responsible for the maintenance of the public order in areas that fall outside the jurisdiction of police forces (generally in rural areas), as well as assuring internal security along with carrying out other specific duties assigned to it by certain laws and regulations. The Commander of the Gendarmerie reports to the Minister of the Interior.
Jandarma İstihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele or Jandarma İstihbarat Teşkilatı is the controversial wing and intelligence agency of the Turkish Gendarmerie.
The Jandarmeria Română is a military police force of Romania tasked with high-risk and specialized law enforcement duties. It is one of the two main police forces in Romania (the other being the Romanian Police - a civilian force), both having jurisdiction over the civilian population.
The Gendarmerie or Rijkswacht (Dutch) was the former paramilitary police force of Belgium. It became a civilian police organisation in 1992, a status it retained until 1 January 2001, when it was, together with the other existing police forces in Belgium, abolished and replaced by the Federal Police and the Local Police.