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In thermodynamics, the Gibbs free energy is a thermodynamic potential that can be used to calculate the maximum of reversible work that may be performed by a thermodynamic system at a constant temperature and pressure. The Gibbs free energy is the maximum amount of non-expansion work that can be extracted from a thermodynamically closed system (can exchange heat and work with its surroundings, but not matter).

Gibbons are apes in the family Hylobatidae. The family historically contained one genus, but now is split into four extant genera and 18 species.

In statistics, Gibbs sampling or a Gibbs sampler is a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for obtaining a sequence of observations which are approximately from a specified multivariate probability distribution, when direct sampling is difficult. This sequence can be used to approximate the joint distribution (e.g., to generate a histogram of the distribution); to approximate the marginal distribution of one of the variables, or some subset of the variables (for example, the unknown parameters or latent variables); or to compute an integral (such as the expected value of one of the variables).

In mathematics, the Gibbs phenomenon, discovered by Henry Wilbraham and rediscovered by J. Willard Gibbs (1899), is the peculiar manner in which the Fourier series of a piecewise continuously differentiable periodic function behaves at a jump discontinuity. The nth partial sum of the Fourier series has large oscillations near the jump, which might increase the maximum of the partial sum above that of the function itself.

In statistical mechanics, a semi-classical derivation of the entropy that does not take into account the indistinguishability of particles, yields an expression for the entropy which is not extensive . This leads to a paradox known as the Gibbs paradox, after Josiah Willard Gibbs who proposed this thought experiment in 1874‒1875.

Gibbsboro is a borough in Camden County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,274, reflecting a decline of 161 from the 2,435 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 52 (+2.2%) from the 2,383 counted in the 1990 Census.Gibbsboro was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 8, 1924, from portions of Voorhees Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 11, 1924.

In general relativity, the Gibbons–Hawking–York boundary term is a term that needs to be added to the Einstein–Hilbert action when the underlying spacetime manifold has a boundary. The Einstein–Hilbert action is the basis for the most elementary variational principle from which the field equations of general relativity can be defined.

The Gibbs Hi-V was a New York City Subway car class built between 1904 and 1905 by American Car and Foundry for the IRT and its successors, the New York City Board of Transportation and the New York City Transit Authority. It was the first all steel subway car ordered for New York City.

John Nicholas Gibbs II was a German settler in Eastern Tennessee. He was born Johann Nickel Gibbs on September 29, 1733 in the Village of Wallruth in the Duchy of Baden, Germany.

Gibbs v. Buck, 307 U.S. 66 , was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court had two main holdings.

Kosova is a village in Põlva Parish, Põlva County, Estonia, located at 58°13′17″N 027°01′45″E.

Kostov is a Bulgarian masculine surname, its feminine counterpart is Kostova.

Elizabeth Johnson Kostova is an American author best known for her debut novel The Historian.

Kosova e Re, also known as the New Kosovo project, is a plan of the Government of the Republic of Kosovo to build a new 500 MW power plant near Prishtina, to rehabilitate the existing Kosovo B power plant and completely shut down the Kosovo A power plant which is considered the largest source of pollution in Kosovo. It also includes the development of a new lignite mine in order to meet the needs of the Kosovo B and the newly constructed power plant.